French language..

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French language

attendez-nous là wait for us there
avez-vous faim? are you hungry (formal)?
c’est pour vous it is for you (formal)
c’est quoi? what is it?
c’est tout? is that all?
c’est très gentil it is very nice
c’est combien? how much is it?
c’est grave? is it serious?
ça n’est pas grave no problem
ce n’est pas comme ça It is not like that
combien cela coûte? how much is this?
comment as-tu passé… ? how have you spent…? (informal)
comment t’appelles-tu? what’s your name (informal)?
comment vas-tu? how are you (informal)?
depuis quand? since when?
il est prêt he is ready
il veut y aller he wants to go there
j’ai déjà dit que I have already said that
j’attends mes amis I am waiting for my friends
je ne comprends pas I don’t understand
je ne sais pas I don’t know
je serai à I will be at
je suis arrivé I have arrived (m)
je suis désolé I am sorry (m)
je suis perdu I’m lost (m)
je suis près de I am close to
je te tiens au courant I’ll let you know (informal)
je vais être en retard I’ll be late
ne t’inquiète pas! don’t worry (informal)!
nous parlerons plus tard we will speak later
où on se retrouve? where do we meet?
où pouvons-nous manger? where can we eat?
où sont les toilettes? where is the bathroom?
où veux-tu dîner? where do you want to have dinner? (informal)
parlez-vous anglais? do you speak English? (formal)
pas du tout not at all
pas pour moi not for me
peux-tu m’aider? can you help me (informal)?
pourquoi pas? why not?
pourriez-vous répéter? can you say it again? (formal)
puis-je faire ça? can I do that?
qu’est-ce qui se passe? what is happening?
qu’est-ce que vous recommandez? what do you recommend (formal)?
que voulez-vous faire? what do you want to do (formal)?
qui est-ce? who is it?
quoi de neuf? what’s new?
tu vas y aller you are going to go there (informal)
va-t’en! go away!
viens avec moi! come with me! (informal)

French at a glance

  • Native name: français [fʁ̥ɒ̃sɛ]
  • Linguistic affliation: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Western Romance, Gallo-Romance, Oïl
  • Number of speakers: c. 354 million
  • Spoken in: France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and many other countries
  • First written: 842 AD
  • Writing system: Latin script
  • Status: official language in France, and also in Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti,

The French alphabet (l’alphabet français)

A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i
[ɑ] [be] [se] [de] [ə] [ɛf] [ʒe] [aʃ] [i]
J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r
[ʒi] [ka] [ɛl] [ɛm] [ɛn] [o] [pe] [ky] [ɛʀ]
S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z
[ɛs] [te] [y] [ve] [dubləve] [iks] [igʀɛk] [zɛd]

 

French pronunciation

French pronunciation

Notes

  • ay = [ɛji] before a consonant, [aj] elsewhere
  • c = [s] before i, e or y but [k] elsewhere
  • g = [ʒ] before i, e or y but [g] elsewhere
  • i = [ i ̭] before vowels, but [i] elsewhere
  • ie = [i] at the end of a word, [j̃ɛ] before n, [je] elsewhere.
  • ill =[j] after vowel(s): e.g. travailler [tʁava’je]
  • m and n are mute at the ends of words and preceeding vowels are nasalized.
  • At the ends of words, rstx and z are mute, unless the next word begins with a vowel, e.g. vous êtes [vuz εt]
  • u = [ɥ] before vowels, but [y] elsewhere
  • x when in final position = [s~z~Ø]
  • k and w only appear in loan words
  • y is used mainly loanwords but also in placenames
  • Letters with accents are not considered part of the French alphabet
  • The ligature Œ is used in certain French words, and in words of Greek origin, to represent a single sound (/œ/ or /ø/). In alphabetical ordering it is treated as o plus e
  • The ligature Æ is used in a few words of Latin or Greek origin. In alphabetical ordering it is treated as a plus e

100 Verbs..

No. Verb English
1 être to be Conjugate
2 avoir to have Conjugate
3 pouvoir to be able (can) Conjugate
4 faire to do, to make Conjugate
5 mettre to put, to place Conjugate
6 dire to say, to tell Conjugate
7 devoir to have to , must, to owe Conjugate
8 prendre to take, to catch, to capture Conjugate
9 donner to give, to produce Conjugate
10 aller to go Conjugate
11 vouloir to want, to wish Conjugate
12 savoir to know Conjugate
13 falloir to have to Conjugate
14 voir to see Conjugate
15 demander to ask, to request Conjugate
16 trouver to find, to discover Conjugate
17 rendre to return (something), to give back Conjugate
18 venir to come Conjugate
19 passer to pass, to go past Conjugate
20 comprendre to understand, to include, to comprehend Conjugate
21 rester to stay, to remain Conjugate
22 tenir to hold, to keep Conjugate
23 porter to carry, to wear Conjugate
24 parler to speak, to talk Conjugate
25 montrer to show, to display
26 continuer to continue Conjugate
27 penser to think Conjugate
28 suivre to follow, to pay attention Conjugate
29 connaître to know, to be acquainted with Conjugate
30 croire to believe (in) Conjugate
31 commencer to begin, to start, to commence Conjugate
32 compter to count Conjugate
33 entendre to hear, to understand Conjugate
34 attendre to wait, to expect Conjugate
35 remettre to put back (on), to replace, to deliver Conjugate
36 appeler to call, to contact Conjugate
37 permettre to permit, to allow, to enable Conjugate
38 occuper to occupy, to take up (space/time) Conjugate
39 devenir to become, to grow (into), to turn (into) Conjugate
40 partir to leave, to depart, to proceed Conjugate
41 décider to decide, to persuade Conjugate
42 arriver to arrive, to happen Conjugate
43 servir to serve Conjugate
44 sembler to seem Conjugate
45 revenir to return, to come back Conjugate
46 laisser to leave, to allow, to let Conjugate
47 recevoir to receive, to welcome Conjugate
48 répondre to answer, to reply Conjugate
49 vivre to live Conjugate
50 rappeler to call back, to remind
51 présenter to present, to introduce Conjugate
52 accepter to accept Conjugate
53 agir to act Conjugate
54 poser to put down, to pose, to lay (something) down Conjugate
55 jouer to play, to act, to gamble Conjugate
56 reconnaître to recognize, to acknowledge Conjugate
57 choisir to choose, to select Conjugate
58 toucher to touch, to feel, to affect Conjugate
59 aimer to like, to love Conjugate
60 retrouver to find, to regain, to meet up Conjugate
61 perdre to lose, to waste Conjugate
62 expliquer to explain, to account for Conjugate
63 considérer to consider, to study Conjugate
64 ouvrir to open (up) Conjugate
65 gagner to win, to gain, to earn Conjugate
66 exister to exist Conjugate
67 refuser to refuse Conjugate
68 lire to read Conjugate
69 réussir to succeed Conjugate
70 changer to change, to alter Conjugate
71 travailler to work Conjugate
72 représenter to represent, to depict, to portray Conjugate
73 assurer to secure, to assure, to insure Conjugate
74 essayer to try, to attempt Conjugate
75 empêcher to prevent, to stop
76 sortir to go out, to leave, to exit, to come out Conjugate
77 reprendre to resume, to recover, to take back Conjugate
78 mener to lead, to conduct Conjugate
79 appartenir to belong, to concern Conjugate
80 risquer to risk Conjugate
81 concerner to concern, to affect Conjugate
82 apprendre to learn, to teach, to hear of Conjugate
83 rencontrer to meet, to encounter Conjugate
84 créer to create, to build Conjugate
85 obtenir to obtain, to get Conjugate
86 chercher to look for, to seek Conjugate
87 entrer to enter, to go into Conjugate
88 proposer to suggest, to propose, to offer Conjugate
89 apporter to bring, to cause Conjugate
90 utiliser to use, to employ Conjugate
91 atteindre to reach, to attain, to achieve Conjugate
92 tenter to tempt Conjugate
93 importer to import, to matter Conjugate
94 ajouter to add Conjugate
95 produire to produce Conjugate
96 préparer to prepare (something), to make Conjugate
97 relever to raise, to stand up, to pick up Conjugate
98 écrire to write Conjugate
99 défendre to defend, to stand up for, to forbid Conjugate
100 tirer to pull, to draw (curtains, sword), to fire (gun), to print

Greetings

English

French

Hey Salut
Hello/Good day Bonjour
How are you? Comment ça va ? / Comment allez-vous ? (form.)
I’m good, thanks. Ça va bien, merci.
Long time no see. Ça fait longtemps.

Basic & Polite Phrases

English

French

Please S’il vous plaît (form.)
Thank you so much Merci beaucoup
Excuse me Excusez-moi (form.)
I’m sorry Je suis desolé(e).
Thank you for your time. Merci pour votre temps. (form.)

Get the Conversation Rolling

English

French

What’s new? Quoi de neuf ?
What are you plans this weekend? Quels sont vos plans ce week-end ? (form.)
How is your family? Comment ça va votre famille ? (form.)
I heard that… J’ai entendu que …
Tell me what you think. Dites-moi ce que vous pensez. (form.)

Getting a Bit of Clarification

English

French

How do you say that in French? Comment dire ça en français ?
I don’t understand. Je ne comprends pas ?
What are you talking about? Vous parlez de quoi ? (form.)
I don’t know. Je ne sais pas.
Can you please write that down? Est-ce que vous pouvez l’écrire, s’il vous plaît ? (form.)

Words About Time

English

French

Every day Tous les jours
Sometimes Parfois
Now Maintenant
Later Plus tard
Plenty Assez

Exclamations & Transition Words to Take Your Speaking to the Next Level

English

French

Don’t worry! Ne vous inquiétez pas ! (form.)
Excellent Excellent
Impossible Impossible
Look Regardez (form.)
How horrible! Quelle horreur !
No problem! Pas de problème !
That’s good! C’est bien !
Wow! Waouh ! Wow !
Exactly Exactement
That’s a good question. C’est une bonne question.

Conversation Closers

English

French

I enjoyed speaking with you. J’ai beaucoup aimé parler avec vous. (form.)
I must go. Je dois y aller.
Keep in touch! Restez en contact ! (form.)
Goodbye Au revoir
I’ll be right back. Je reviens tout de suite !

 

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